January 14, 1998
Case: Manoel Leal de Oliveira
Editor of the newspaper A Região in Itabuna, Bahía.
He was shot seven times as he arrived at his home in Itabuna.
On September 26, 2003 Monzart da Costa Brasil, a police officer, was sentenced to 18 years in prison. He appealed and on February 28, 2007 his sentence was upheld.
Sentences reversed and acquittals: (+)
On September 25, 2003 Thomaz Iracy Guedes, alleged perpetrator, was acquitted.
On December 5, 2005 Marcone Sarmento, charged with being an accomplice, was acquitted.
Released / Sentence commuted: (+)
As of October 2007 police officer Monzart da Costa Brasil was serving his sentence in the Police Penitentiary, where he was enjoying certain privileges, among them unrestricted ability to come and go at the facility.
Jailed awaiting trial: (+)
Suspects not charged: (+)
Fernando Gomes Oliveira, mayor, was named as the alleged mastermind.
On November 27, 2007 the head of the Bahía State Attorney’s Office, Juarez Chastinet, told the IACHR and the IAPA that he had suspended the grant of habeas corpus to Monzart da Costa Brasil, and he was therefore now at large and facing imprisonment.
On November 27, 2007 representatives of the executive and judicial branches of Bahía state government agreed among other things to study the possibility of reopening investigations to determine who had masterminded the murder.
As of October 2007, the IAPA and the Brazilian government, with the IACHR as intermediary, were discussing a possible amicable solution of the case.
Following a series of articles in the newspaper A Tarde and the report and resolutions of the IAPA, the district attorney’s office and investigators in the case obtained resources to continue their inquiries.
On May 19, 2000 the case was submitted by the IAPA to the IACHR, Case No. 12.308.